'A transgender man, who has given birth to a child and does not want to be described as "mother" on a birth certificate, has lost a legal battle.
Freddy McConnell wanted to be registered as "father" or "parent".
But a High Court judge ruled the status of "mother" was afforded to a person who carries and gives birth to a baby.
He said while Mr McConnell's gender was recognised by law as male, his parental status of "mother" derives from the biological role of giving birth.
Mr McConnell, a journalist at the Guardian, has told the BBC he plans to appeal against the ruling.
During the trial in London, the High Court heard how Mr McConnell was a single parent, who was born a woman but now lived as a man following surgery.
He was biologically able to get pregnant and gave birth to a baby boy last year, but had legally become a man by the time of the birth.
Mr McConnell's journey to parenthood was documented in a film called Seahorse and included his thoughts and footage of him going through fertility treatment, conception and the birth of his baby boy.
When he registered the birth of the child, he was told by a registrar that the law required people who give birth to be registered as mothers, the court heard.
Mr McConnell took legal action against the General Register Office, which is responsible for the registration of births and deaths in England and Wales, accusing it of discrimination.
He said it breached his human right to respect for private and family life.'
Read more: 'Seahorse' transgender man loses challenge to be named father
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