'A highly respected science journal has said it will examine how it came to publish a study suggesting the climate crisis and rising temperatures around the world are the result of natural solar cycles and the Earth getting closer to the Sun.
The research, by four UK based academics from Northumbria University, the University of Bradford and the University of Hull, as well as the Nasir al-Din al-Tusi Shamakhi Astrophysical Observatory in Azerbaijan, was published in Scientific Reports.
However, it criticised by scientists for containing “very basic errors”.
The paper’s authors claimed the rise of global average temperatures by around 1C over the last two centuries could be largely due to a combination of cycles of solar activity, as well as the movement of the Sun around the centre of mass in our solar system, known as a barycentre.
This movement changes the distance between the Earth and the Sun at different times, the paper contended.
Over the next 600 years it said temperatures could expect to rise by 3C as a result of the phenomenon.
But physicists have cast doubt on the accuracy of the science, leading the journal to acknowledge the concerns.
Ken Rice of the University of Edinburgh, UK, told The New Scientist magazine that the team had made an “elementary” mistake about the movement of the Earth in relation to the Sun.
“It’s well known that the sun moves around the barycentre of the solar system due to the influence of the other solar system bodies, mainly Jupiter,” he said. “This does not mean, as the paper is claiming, that this then leads to changes in the distance between the Sun and the Earth.”
Professor Rice added: “The claim that we will see warming in the coming centuries because the sun will move closer to the Earth as it moves around the solar system barycentre is very simply wrong."'
Read more: Journal to investigate controversial study claiming global temperature rise is due to Earth moving closer to Sun
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