'The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) was adopted to step back from the brink of catastrophic nuclear war if waged.
Since adopted in 1970, it sought to halt the proliferation of these weapons — while supporting the non-military use of this technology.
It bans all UN member states from developing and producing nuclear weapons except for Britain, China, France, Russia and the US — while committing these five nations to eventually eliminate their arsenals.
It’s clearly not happening with the US under Obama and Trump committed to spending more than $1 trillion over the next 30 years, enhancing its arsenal, making humanity less safe from the threat of war with these weapons.
NPT’s Article IV states: “Nothing in this Treaty shall be interpreted as affecting the inalienable right of all the Parties to the Treaty to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination and in conformity with Articles I and II of this Treaty.”
NPT considers uranium enrichment for peaceful purposes the right of all nations, no limit placed on it as long as non-military development alone is pursued.
Yet the US-led West demands Iran alone among world community nations be denied its legal NPT right to pursue legitimate non-military nuclear development — a nonbelligerent nation, at peace with its neighbors, threatening none, never an aggressor.
JCPOA provisions permit Iran to increase uranium enrichment for peaceful purposes beyond levels agreed on if other signatories fail to fulfill their obligations under the agreement.
That’s precisely what happened by Trump’s illegal withdrawal, along with breach of the agreement by Britain, France, Germany and the EU.
Uranium enrichment beyond the JCPOA-permitted 300 kg/3.67 level is Iran’s legal right because of the Western breach — as stipulated in Articles 26 and 36.
On Friday, senior Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei advisor Ali Akbar Velayati said Tehran may increase its uranium enrichment level to at least 5%, beginning Sunday July 7, explaining the following:
“(I)n order for us to be able to make use of uranium at (the) Bushehr reactor, a 5% purity is needed, and it is a totally peaceful purpose that we generate power from the reactor jointly built by Iran and Russia,” adding:
Under the JCPOA, Iran is legally allowed to take this step because the agreement’s Western signatories breached their legal obligations.
“We definitely won’t initiate any move, unless the other side makes it first. So far…the Americans have violated the JCPOA directly and the Europeans have done so indirectly. So we will show reaction exactly proportional to the extent of their breach of the deal,” Velayati explained.
Days earlier, Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif tweeted: The Islamic Republic “is committed to the full implementation of the #JCPOA: as long as E3/EU implement THEIR economic commitments.”
“So moving forward, Iran will comply with its commitments under the JCPOA in exactly the same manner as the EU/E3 have—and will—comply with theirs.”
The agreement is only binding if its other signatories fulfill their obligations. Trump’s illegal pullout followed by Europe’s breach, partnering with US hostility against Iran, effectively rendered the JCPOA null and void unless European countries reverse their position and come into compliance with its provisions.'
Read more: Iran’s Legal JCPOA Right to Increase Uranium Enrichment
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